Located in a Robeson County, North Carolina, United States, Pembroke is the tribal seat of the Lumbee Indian Tribe. It has a population of 3, 000 residents and it is a home to the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. The town is sprawled across 2,3 square miles according to the United States Census Bureau.
Pembroke used to carry a name, Raleigh. Extensive archeological excavations which are being carried out throughout the Robeson County are revealing a wealthy and long history of consistent and widespread occupation, particularly on the banks of the Lumber River where numerous indigenous settlements took place. Some artifacts excavated from there date all the way back to the beginning of Woodland period. Those artifacts are usually goods which led archeologists to a conclusion that Native American settlements in today’s Pembroke were used as a large trade network connected to the other regions throughout what is today known as the Southeast of the US. Once the Europeans reached the America, European items were marketed by English, Spanish, and French to Native Americans. Those European items are still being found today at the archeological sites, and they are the affirmative evidence of trading in the area. Near the end of the 19th century, food became scarce in the area during the Civil War. Confederate deserters escaped slaves and Union prison escapees all moved to the sanctuary today is known as the Pembroke. There was numerous outlaws present there, but what is interesting, those bandits decided that they won’t live off by taking the easy road and raid poor families. They agreed that they would pillage and rob wealthy families and plantations. After every raid, those bandits distributed food and essentials to the poor people in Pembroke which was then known as The Settlement or Scuffletown. Later in the 19th century, the town’s name was changed to Pembroke after a railroad official Pembroke Jones. Today, Pembroke is a home of a master’s degree granting university, the UNC Pembroke. UNC Pembroke is one of the 17 schools which are part of the University of North Carolina System. There are 7, 000 students enrolled in a university. According to the U.S. News and World Report, the University of North Carolina at Pembroke is the safest campus in the UNC schools network and their motto is ”Where learning gets personal.” As we have already said, Pembroke is a seat and a home to the Lumbee Indian Tribe. Lumbee Indian Tribe is the biggest Native American tribe recognized by a state. They are also the most prominent tribe without a reservation. They got their name after the Lumbee River where they have settled and used their outposts as trading hotspots in Pembroke area.
Pembroke is a small town with history richer than most of the big cities. With such diverse culture, it is bound to achieve great things. Pembroke has so much to offer to its resident’s ant that is why it is our honor to be a part of a community like this one.