What do you need to know about Residential Roofing
When it comes to building a house, solid foundations can make up for some later mistakes. When it comes to roofing, although to an amateur it might seem simple, choosing the correct type can be a difficult task. To help you with the choice, further down we provide information about all the different criteria when it comes to choosing your perfect roof, suited for your specific environment. There are three main categories:
Depending on the area, different roof styles were installed to provide shelter from the specific weather conditions. In addition to that, a high-quality roof has to be able to house internal elements (piping, insulation, ventilation). Using those criteria, one can establish a few main types. Gable roof is the kind of roof a child would draw in their painting. It looks like and inverted letter V. They aren’t suited for areas with high wind. Further on, flat roofs are the most common when it comes to commercial buildings because they have little to no pitch, as the name states. Usually, paired with rubber roofing systems. Next is the gambrel roof, or as the public knows it, a barn roof. Although mainly used for barns, it’s a fine choice for residential roofing, because of the amount of extra space it provides. The hip roof is the most difficult to construct mainly because of it has four sloping sides with zero vertical roof lines. It can be both square and rectangular. Other types are the folded plate roof, A-frame roof, butterfly roof, winged gable roof, shed roof, and the mansard roof.
It is common knowledge that certain materials are more fitting for a certain situation. It’s the same when it comes to choosing roofing materials. Considering three main roof slopes – flat roofs, low slope and steep slope, some materials are simply made for a certain slope. Further down are a few basic materials used for roofing. Asphalt shingles are the most popular in the US, especially on steep slopes. Metal is used very often, with different types being used according to specific needs of the area. The most popular choices include zinc, copper, aluminum, steel and tin. Slate shingles are made of sedimentary rock which can consequently be split into thin sheets ideal for roofing. Tile is probably the most expensive material used for roofing. One would say it only includes clay tiles, but other materials used are metal and concrete. Wood shake is similar to the asphalt shingle. Its main characteristic is overlapping, which makes the roof weather proof. On the other hand, the often require more maintenance.
The last criterion is the pitch of a roof. Although the easiest one to choose from, it is a critical factor in the equation. To put it simply, the slope of the roof dictates everything else, be it drainage options, attic space or difficulty of construction. There are three main categories: First, there is the flat roof that includes anything with a slope under 2:12. Second, a low slope includes a span between a 4:12 pitch to 2:12 pitch. Last is the steep slope, which includes a specter between 4:12 and 21:12 pitch. In case these numbers don’t sound all that familiar, here is a roofing calculator which will help you in discovering the pitch of your roof.